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Musical Titles

Formatting and Punctuation

titles should not be italicized or put in quotations:

Beethoven's Symphony No. 7 in A
Major, op. 92

Piano Concerto in A Minor by
Robert Schumann

Mozart, Requiem, K. 626

Note that in titles the pitch and the tonality are capitalized.

Opus numbers appear last, without capitalization, and are preceded by a

The abbreviation for any cataloguer (Kchel = K.) is given as a capital

If a work such as those listed above also has a title, the title is
listed at the end, in italics, preceded by a comma:

Symphony No. 2 in C Minor, Resurrection

Symphony No.
5 in D Major, op. 107, Reformation by Mendelssohn

In a paper, the first appearance of a title should appear in full, as in
the examples above. Subsequent references to the same work can be in shortened
form, such as:

The Resurrection
Symphony by Mahler

Beethoven?s Seventh Symphony

Non-generic titles should be italicized, including song titles that are
not a part of a larger work or cycle. Here are several examples:

Bartk, Concerto for

Brahms, Variations on a
Theme by Joseph Haydn
, op. 56a

Schoenberg, Gurrelieder

Ravel, Alborada del gracioso

R. Strauss, Also sprach


hierarchy of italics (opera title) and quotations should be used for aria

Wagner, "Ein Schwert
verhiess mir der Vater" from Die Walkre

Verdi, "Sempre
libera" from La Traviata

"Ein Schwert verhiess mir
der Vater" from Wagner?s Die Walkre

"Sempre libera" from La
by Verdi

Note that the title of the opera is in italics, and the title of the
excerpt, recitative or aria is in quotes. This system can also be applied to
any work where individual sections have titles separate from that of the
complete work, including oratorios and song cycles:

Schubert, "Der Lindenbaum"
from Winterreisse

Strauss, "Klnge der
Heimat" from act II of Fledermaus

recitatives and arias or sections of a scene, give both titles (first few
words) connected by three dots between the texts.

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