Footnotes and Endnotes

In music history, footnotes (at the bottom of each page) or endnotes (citations placed at the end of the document) are used, rather than in-text citations.  Footnote numbers are consecutive, even if the source materials are repeated.  In a Word document, you will find the footnote commands under Insert, Footnote, Auto number. After the first full citation (using first name, last name, and commas rather than periods between the parts of the entry), use abbreviated or shortened citations (Ibid is not recommended by The Chicago Manual of Style). Notice that in these entries the word and abbreviation for volume (vol.) and for page (p.) are omitted; they are understood by their order and context.


          1Bonnie J. Blackburn, Edward E. Lowinsky and Clement A. Miller, eds, A Correspondence of Renaissance Musicians (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991), 75.

          2Honey Meconi, "Art-Song Reworkings:  An Overview," Journal of the Royal Musical Association 119 (1994): 32-33.

          3Honey Meconi, "Art-Song Reworkings,” 37.


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